Perhaps Canada's finest painter Jean Paul Riopelle was born in 1923 in Montreal to a Spanish family who came to Canada in the 19th Century. He was one of the most important Expressionist painters that followed the Second World War and carried the Borduas Group into the 1960s where he progressed from painterly abstraction to a more formal and instantly identifiable method of palette-knife painting. Initially, Riopelle was fascinated by Surrealism and he was an avid fan of Andre Breton's 'Le Surrealisme et la Peinture'. However, he rejected the static teaching of Breton in favour of the Abstract Expressionists in 1946. In 1947 Riopelle moved to Paris where he worked as a non-figurative painter and in 1948 he signed the Global Rejection manifesto launched by the Borduas Group. By the mid-1950s he was established as an international artist of major importance. He showed at the Venice Biennale with Borduas in the 1954 exhibition representing Canada.
The market for Riopelle's work is strong, with a top price of over 5.5m USD at auction and more than 10 paintings selling for prices in excess of 1m USD. His work is in the collections of the Guggenheim in New York as well as MOMA, the Wallraff-Richartz in Cologne and, naturally, the Museum of Contemporary Art in Montreal.